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Projects

Performance-Based Pay for Health Care Providers and the Effect on Maternal and Child Health in Rwanda

A pay-for-performance health program had the strongest positive effect on services for which the provider received large financial incentives and those for which the provider had greater control.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Paulin Basinga, Agnes Binagwaho et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Rwanda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Child Health); Education & Labor (Employment)
Primary School Deworming: The Impact of Cost-Sharing on Program Effectiveness in Kenya

User cost-sharing significantly reduced rates of intestinal worm treatment in Kenya while health education had no impact on worm prevention behavior.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
(Nutrition); Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education); Finance & Cash Transfers
Public Release of Corruption Audits and Electoral Outcomes in Brazil

Public release of corruption violations, committed by Brazilian politicians, prior to municipal elections reduced the likelihood of incumbent re-election by approximately 20 percent.

Researchers
Frederico Finan, Claudio Ferraz
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Brazil (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Public Service (Corruption)
Returns to Fertilizer Use for Smallholder Farmers in Kenya

This study found significant increases in crop yield as a result of fertilizer use, but when not applied in the correct amount can result in negative rates of return for smallholder farmers.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs)
Savings and Subsidies for Productive Fertilizer Use in Kenya

Visiting Kenyan farmers immediately after the harvest and offering them time-limited discounts to buy fertilizer resulted in a substantial increase in fertilizer use the following season.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Small Individual Loans and Mental Health in South Africa

Approving loans for marginally creditworthy applicants can improve economic outcomes for poor households and generate profits for lenders in South Africa.

Researchers
Lia Fernald, Emily Ozer, Rita Hamad et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
South Africa (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Health (Mental Health)
Social Networks and Agricultural Technology Adoption in Malawi

Researchers are evaluating the use of social networks as a way to efficiently deliver information about and increase adoption of profitable agricultural technologies in Malawi.

Researchers
Jeremy Magruder, Lori Beaman, Mushfiq Mobarak et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Malawi (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Technology & Infrastructure
Social Networks and Job Referrals in India

Without proper enticement, social networks refer less qualified workers. In India, high ability individuals referred high ability people when their own pay was indexed to the referral's performance.

Researchers
Jeremy Magruder, Lori Beaman
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment)
Solar Ovens and the Impact on Solid Fuel Use, Health, and the Environment in Senegal

This project is evaluating the potential for using sustainable, fuel-efficient solar ovens as an alternative to using solid fuels as a means of improving health and the environment.

Researchers
David I. Levine, Theresa Beltramo, J. George Shanthikumar
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Senegal (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Pollution Control; Natural Resource Management); Health; Technology & Infrastructure
Subsidies and Savings Accounts to Promote Fertilizer Use in Mozambique

This project evaluates whether a fertilizer subsidy program for smallholder farmers, in combination with a savings product, can engender sustainable use of fertilizer once subsidies are phased out.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mozambique (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Technology & Infrastructure
Term Length and the Effort of Politicians

Researchers explore the effect of office term length on political effort and find that politicians with longer terms tend to exert more effort during their time in office than those with shorter term.

Researchers
Ernesto Dal Bo, Martin Rossi
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Argentina (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment); Public Service
The Efficiency of Risk-Sharing Within Households in Kenya

This study found that when receiving external income shocks, husbands and wives exhibited different behavior, suggesting barriers to efficient risk sharing and mutual insurance within a household.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)