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Constraints to Saving for Health Expenditures in Kenya

Innovative savings devices for members of ROSCAs in Kenya led to increased investment in preventative health products and reduced vulnerability to unexpected emergencies.

Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Health
Contract Teachers and Student Tracking: Impacts on Student Performance in India

In India, an extra contract teacher led to improved test scores for children, smaller class sizes, and reduced teacher absenteeism, all suggesting positive performance incentives for contract teachers

Researchers
Karthik Muralidharan, Venkatesh Sundararaman
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Economic Independence and HIV Prevention among Adolescent Girls in Zimbabwe

Researchers are evaluating a program that seeks to increase the economic independence of and prevent HIV among female adolescent orphans in Zimbabwe.

Researchers
Nancy Padian, Megan Dunbar
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Zimbabwe (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health); Education & Labor (Gender; Youth & Vocational Training)
Economic Returns to Vocational Education in Kenya

Researchers are evaluating the labor market and life outcomes of Kenyan youth who received vouchers to offsets the cost of vocational training.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Isaac Mbiti et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Health; Education & Labor (Youth & Vocational Training)
Factors Influencing Household Investment in Malaria Prevention in Kenya

Demand for insecticide-treated bed nets was highly price sensitive in Kenya. Neither marketing the nets as a health or financial investment nor securing verbal purchase commitments impacted demand.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health)
Free Distribution Versus Cost Sharing for Malaria Prevention in Kenya

This study found that cost-sharing dampens demand for anti-malarial insecticide-treated bed nets and does not increase usage of the nets or improves allocation to the neediest.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Jessica Cohen
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Technology & Infrastructure
Girls' Merit Scholarships and Student Performance in Kenya

An evaluation of a merit-based scholarship and public recognition program for Kenyan girls found evidence of increased test scores, student and teacher attendance, and parental involvement.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Rebecca Thornton
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service (Civic Engagement); Education & Labor (Gender; Primary & Secondary Education)
HIV Prevention Among Youth in Kenya

Researchers are evaluating the effect of Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV (VCT), and condom distribution on sexual behavior and HIV transmission.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo, Vandana Sharma
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health)
Household Water Connections: Well-Being and Willingness to Pay in Morocco

In Tangier, Morocco, households demonstrated a high willingness to pay for private water taps. These households reported increased water consumption, less time gathering water, and improved happiness.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Florencia Devoto, Esther Duflo et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Morocco (Middle East and North Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Health (WASH); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Improving Access to Credit and Savings Products in Guatemala

Researchers are evaluating the impact of a credit bureau on the selection and behavior of microfinance clientele, and the impact of providing savings products to microfinance clients.

Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Guatemala (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Insufficient Change and Lost Sales among Small Businesses in Kenya

Administering surveys to and providing information for small Kenyan business about their small bill and coin management resulted in fewer lost sales and increased revenues.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers
Kenya Life Panel Survey: Long-Run Outcomes of Childhood Interventions in Kenya

This follow-up study to related projects evaluates the long-term impacts of educational gains associated with deworming on later education, labor market, and health outcomes.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Joan Hamory Hicks et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Gender; Primary & Secondary Education)