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Influences on Investments in Preventative Health Products in Kenya

While providing liquidity and targeting women can increase demand for preventative health products, price has the greatest impact on people's decision to purchase.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Jennifer Meredith, Sarah Walker et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Child Health)
The Demand for Conditional versus Unconditional Cash Transfers for School Attendance in the Brazilian Favelas

A study on demand for conditionality in a Brazilian cash transfer program revealed that parents are willing to pay for conditionality to monitor their children's school attendance.

Researchers
Lucas C. Coffman
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Brazil (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Conditional Cash Transfers and Early Childhood Development in Mexico

Cash transfers administered under the Oportunidades program in Mexico were associated with significant improvements in nutritional outcomes and motor and cognitive development for young children.

Researchers
Lia Fernald, Paul Gertler, Lynette Neufeld (Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development)
Teacher Performance Pay in Andhra Pradesh, India

A randomized evaluation of performance-based pay for teachers in rural primary schools in Andhra Pradesh, India showed significantly improved learning outcomes for students in the incentive schools.

Researchers
Karthik Muralidharan, Venkatesh Sundararaman
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Preventing HIV and Teen Pregnancy in Kenya Through Teacher Training and Subsidies

Providing free uniforms to girls and training teachers in Kenya on how to implement HIV/AIDS curriculum reduced drop-out rates and teenage pregnancy.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo (M.I.T), Michael Kremer et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies; In-Kind Transfers); Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Antiretroviral Treatment and Household Tasks in Kenya

ARV treatment in Kenya reduced adult female patients' time spent seeking treatment and increased their time available for household tasks.It also reduced the burden of household tasks on children.

Researchers
Josh Graff Zivin, Giovanna d'Adda, Markus Goldstein et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases)
Impact of Drought-Tolerant Rice on Farmer Welfare in India

This study's primary research question is to understand the yield and livelihood effects of adopting risk-reducing rice in drought-prone Orissa and West Bengal.

Researchers
Elisabeth Sadoulet, Marieke Kleemans
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Climate & Environment
The Sustainability and Impact of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions in India

A hygiene education and water and sanitation supply program in Tamil Nadu, India expanded infrastructure but did not result in commensurate behavioral change or improvements in child health outcomes.

Researchers
Jack Colford, Ben Arnold, Ranjiv Khush et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Statistical Matching
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health (WASH; Child Health); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Informing Families about the Effect of Education Attainment on Wages in the Dominican Republic

Informing families of the effect of education attainment on wages increased perceived returns to schooling and years of schooling attended, but did not increase schooling among the poorest families.

Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Dominican Republic (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Job Opportunities, Marriage, and Childbearing in India

Increased job opportunities for women in rural India caused households to invest more in women's education, increased rates of female employment, and significant delays in marriage and childbearing.

Researchers
Robert Jensen
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning); Education & Labor (Employment)
Schooling's Impact on Teen Smoking and Drinking Behavior in the Dominican Republic

Youth who stayed in school longer had less disposable income than youth who dropped out, were less likely to smoke, and also delayed the age they first consumed alcohol.

Researchers
Robert Jensen, Adriana Lleras-Muney
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Dominican Republic (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Household Water Treatment and Handwashing in Guatemala

This study in rural Guatemala found minimal sustained water treatment and positive handwashing behavior and no significant difference in child health between intervention and comparison villages.

Researchers
Jack Colford, Benjamin Arnold, Byron Arana et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Statistical Matching
Locations
Guatemala (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; WASH; Child Health)